In object-oriented programming (OOP), a method is a function that is defined inside a class and is used to perform a specific action or task. Methods are called on an object, and they can access and modify the data stored in the object.
A class can have multiple methods, and each method has a name and a set of parameters. When a method is called on an object, it is passed the object itself as the first argument (also known as the
Here is an example of a method in Python:
class Dog: def __init__(self, name, breed): self.name = name self.breed = breed def bark(self): return "Woof!" dog1 = Dog("Fido", "Labrador") print(dog1.bark()) # "Woof!"
In this example, the
Dog class has a
bark method that returns the string “Woof!”. When the
bark method is called on the
dog1 object using the dot notation (
dog1.bark()), it executes the code in the method and returns the result.
Methods are a useful way to encapsulate specific behavior and functionality within a class, and they allow you to define a common interface for interacting with objects of the class. They are an important part of the object-oriented programming paradigm.